What is Blanching Potatoes?
Blanching potatoes is an important process in the french fries processing procedure, which is to heat potatoes in boiling water or steam for a short time.
Time Requirement of Blanching Potatoes
Even though it seems very easy to operate, it has special requirements for blanching time. If under blanching, it will actually stimulate the activity of enzymes that existed in potatoes, which will cause loss of flavor, color, and texture. The results of under blanching are worse than no blanching. If over blanching, the quality of potatoes will decrease. It will affect flavor, color, vitamins, and minerals and increase production costs.
Benefits of Blanching Potatoes
People use blanching for different purposes, and thus may have various benefits. Blanching potatoes can help remove the skin, keep it fresh, protect the color and preserve potatoes. As to blanching potatoes for french fries, the benefits are as follows:
1. Blanching can help clean the surface of potatoes.
It can also kill bacteria, molds, and other organisms existing on the surface of potatoes.
2. Blanching potatoes can stop the enzyme action.
When vegetables reach maturity, the enzyme will continue to work until making the vegetables develop viable seeds for reproduction. Blanching can kill enzymes, thus preserve the flavor, color, and texture of potatoes. It can also prolong the storage life of potatoes. After blanching, potatoes can not turn black even if it is exposed to oxygen.
3. Blanching can gelatinize the starch.
During the frying process, the blanched potatoes will quickly form a layer of gelatinized starch at the surface layer, which can limit oil absorption and improve texture.
4. Blanching can reduce acrylamide in fries.
Blanching can extract reducing sugars and amino acid asparagine in potatoes and reduce acrylamide content in French fries. After frying, potatoes can form uniform color.
From above, we can conclude that blanching is necessary and important in the french fries processing procedure. The electric blanching machine is used for blanching potatoes for french fries. This machine has a longer service life and sanitary working condition and is easy to operate.